The need for naps
Crucial physical and mental development occur in early childhood, and sleep provides much-needed rest for little bodies need to rejuvenate and grow. For children to get enough of it though, some daytime sleep is usually needed. These are generally referred to as nap times.
Napping helps to keep little children from becoming overtired. A tired child is usually a moody and cranky one and this moodiness may last throughout the day. Tiredness is also capable of affecting the quality of a child’s sleep at night.
The sleep needs of children
The sleep needs of children vary from one child to another. For example, one toddler may sleep 13 hours at night with only some daytime catnapping, while another sleeps only 9 hours at night but compensates with full 2-hour naps each afternoon.
These age-based guidelines might give you an idea of the average daily sleep requirements of a typical young child:
Birth to 6 months:
Infants sleep a lot! These little human beings require about 16 to 20 hours of sleep per day in total. Younger infants tend to sleep on and off around the clock, waking every two or three hours to nurse. As they approach four months of age, sleep rhythms become more established. Most babies sleep for 10 to 12 hours at night, (interrupted for feeding), and for an average of three to five hours of sleep during the day (usually grouped into two or three naps).
6 to 12 months:
Babies this age usually sleep about 11 hours at night, plus at least two daytime naps totaling three to four hours. At this age, most infants do not need to wake up at night to feed, but other factors such as separation anxiety may contribute to sleep disturbances.
Toddlers (1 to 3 years):
Toddlers generally require 10 to 13 hours of sleep, including an afternoon nap of one to three hours. Some toddlers may even take up to two naps in a day. However, it is essential for parents to make sure that naps are not taken too close to bedtime, as this would make it difficult for them to doze off at night.
Preschoolers (3 years old):
Preschoolers sleep for an average of about 10 to 12 hours at night, plus a short afternoon nap. Many of them tend to give up this nap-time by the age of five or so.
Naps times can be tricky
There is no “one-for-all” when it comes to sleeping hours. However, there are certain factors that may influence the amount of sleep needed by a child, and these include the age and the total sleep-time of a child during a 24-hour period.
Signs of Insufficient Sleep
Most parents underestimate the amount of sleep their children need, so be sure to watch your child’s behavior for signs of sleep deprivation, which can range from the obvious, like tiredness, to more subtle problems with behavior and demeanor.
- Does my child seem sleepy during the day?
- Does my child get cranky and irritable in the late afternoon?
- Is it a battle to get my child out of bed every morning?
- Is my child inattentive, impatient, hyperactive or aggressive?
If you answered yes to any of these questions, consider adjusting your child’s sleep or nap schedule. It may take several weeks to find a routine that works. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about your child’s sleep.
Getting into a napping routine
The key to good napping can be as simple as setting up a good nap routine early on and sticking to it. With infants, watch for cues like fussing and rubbing eyes, then put your baby down for a nap while sleepy but not yet asleep. This teaches little ones how to fall asleep themselves – an indispensable quality to have as they get older.
Soft music or light tapping on the body can help ease the transition to sleep and may be sources of comfort for your child too.
For toddlers and preschoolers, sticking to a nap time schedule can be more challenging. Though many do still have naps, others don’t want to miss out on a minute of the action and will fight sleep even as their eyes are closing. In cases such as these, don’t let nap time become a battle – you can’t force your child to sleep, but you can insist on some quiet time. Let your child read books or play quietly in his or her room.
Parents are often surprised by how quickly quiet time can lead to the little one dozing off!
Even if it doesn’t, at least your child is getting some much-needed rest. If your child has given up daytime naps, consider adjusting to an earlier bedtime.
Why your child needs to nap
Many parents worry that nap time will interfere with kids’ bedtime. Well, if a child takes a late-afternoon nap, this certainly could be the case.
Still, before you put an end to nap times with hopes that your child will be all worn out by bedtime, consider this: Well-rested kids are quicker to settle down at night than overtired ones. Overtired kids are often “wired” and restless, unable to self-soothe at bedtime, and are more likely to wake up throughout the night.
If you still feel your child’s late nap is the cause of bedtime problems, try making the nap a little earlier than usual. You can begin by waking your child a little earlier in the morning so the nap can begin sooner. You can also try waking your child from a nap earlier than usual so he or she has a longer active period before bedtime.
Remember though that at the end of the day, each child has unique needs when it comes to rest and sleep. If your little one is not getting the textbook-recommended sleep allotment, but still seems to be alright in every way, then he or she probably is!