Honey bees swarm around their environment to collect nectar, which are sugar-rich liquids from plants. Producing honey from the nectar takes place in the beehive. It is a group activity consisting of repeated consumption, digestion and regurgitation (expulsion from the digestive tract). A few cycles of this ends with what we know as honey, but the composition and nutritional properties depend on the sources of the nectar, i.e. which flowers are in the vicinity of the beehive.
According to nutrition data, a typical batch of honey supplies:
- 82% sugar, by weight.
- Half of that sugar (40% of total weight) is fructose.
- Only trace amounts of vitamins and minerals.
- Various antioxidants
- Its relative glucose and fructose content can vary greatly and its glycemic index ranges from low to high.